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- Tarkas P. and Ajit Kulkarni.

Black Widow Spider



1) Nerves

Lumbo-sacral plexus



2) Circulation


Viscera abdominal pelvic

Left side


COLD: weather, damp, water, bath

Sun, exposure to

Change of weather

Storms (before)

Night; after first sleep


Riding in a car, boat

Eating; sour food

Depressing factors: any exertion, hurry strain, overwork, climaxis, emotional stress, grief, worry, shock, company syphilis, alcohol tobacco Periodicity annual


WARM bath,


Open air

Cold drinks


Closing eyes



Scrofulous. Neurotoxic. Hyperaesthetic

Spastic. Apoplectic. Syncopic. Hysterical

Highlights : Systemic failure; result of addictions and / or prolonged struggle in life, of stress and strain, of fighting a losing battle, of climaxis. Extremes of tension, spasticity and constrictiveness. They manifest themselves in the mind, chest, abdomen, lumbar spine and lower limbs. Universal commotion (trembling, twitching, cramps, paraesthesias and muscle spasms). Mainfests the trio (like Sumb.), hysteria, gas and heart. Precordial region is the chief focus of attack.

Action : Blood: Does not coagulate. Other blood changes like pyemia, abscesses left for Tarn-c. or Ther. Apoplectic tendency; apoplexy minor. Neurotoxy (all SPIDERS).

Deadliest among the poisons known, though its action is not so deep. However, it is a dire necessity in the emergencies calling for it. The more virulent a poison is, the more superficial (though life saving) its action is homoeopathically (cp. Acon.).The animal poisons (a gift of merciful nature) offer thus a contrast to the inorganic substances and to some extent to herbal. Homoeopaths can better understand how all is well and wisely put by the Almighty Providence.

Note : Only the female bites man. She kills and eats the male after mating. Hence called 'Black - widow spider'.

Make-up : Robust; active (Naja), lively, high- strung and intelligent; the 'why-seeker'. Congenial, sympathetic. Obese. Constitutional syphilis and addiction (alcohol, tobacco). Extremely hypersensitive reflexes to all nervous responses esp. to slightest noise (all SPIDERS), touch (even hair); ladies during their crises (puberty, pregnancy, climaxis). Chilly, yet averse to open air (Puls.). Retiring, seclusive, nervous and depressed, even lachrymose; yet restless. Exhausted and tired after struggles and tensions (Kali-c.). Bilious.

Pains : Severe constrictive (Lach.) or cramp-like pains, in waves (like labour pains); muscles sore to touch; though restless, motion aggravates (Tarn.); call for screams. Pain in bitten spot runs to precordium.

Convulsions : Clonic; tetanic. Hysterical effects; conversion hysterias, e.g. colic, lumbago (Plb.,Taran., Zin-v.); crying. Finally paralysis of all functions related to lumbo-sacral nerve plexus (rectum, urinary, genitals, lower limbs); of upper limbs; l. sided; spastic; with heart pain.

Syncope : vaso-vagal attacks; collapse (Cam., Tab.).

Shock : of stings; psychic; of tobacco; climacteric.

Blood does not coagulate; becomes thin, watery.

Glands : tubercular, cervical. Tubercular peritonitis (?). Goitre heart (Lycps.). Signs of reaction: black vomit or stool.

In a nutshell : Scorbusis. Biliousness. Acidity. Tympanites. Flushes. Syncope. Cardiac or precordial involvement. Spasms. Nervous. Tense. Sensitive.

Select Particulars Mind : Extreme restlessness, anxiety and fear (Ars.). Inner restlessness. Hidden (often imagined) worries e.g. about her domestic affairs; but loath to disclose (esp. at climacteric). Sense of insecurity; of dissociation. Anxiety that is less mental and more nervous(an anxiety neurosis), due some extent to an inner apprehension or realization (in the later case there might even be a pleasurable anticipation) of impending end. Hypochondriasis. Anthropophobia. Sestomania (to bite). Unrestrained and causeless crying in usually stable, strong persons.

Head : Constant headache; congestive, with apoplectic disposition; worse lying (an exception). Occipital pains (see Back). Pain in the right ear. Catches cold after emotional stress, triggering further troubles.Thick yellow discharge. Left nostril drips at night; or stuffy. Face expresses deep anxiety. Lips cracked.

Mouth : Teeth sensitive to touch, cold air and water, to noise; pain ameliorated by warm application, but also cold drink, noiseless dark room. Gumboil in a smoker. Teeth dirty yellow. Gums bleeding, soft, spongy, (scorbutic). Fetor. Dry or salivating. Sore throat; pain on swallowing; better cold water; after or alternating with lumbago.

Stomach : Averse to sweets. Thirst for cold water (little and often).Sinking sensation, or pain as if transfixed in epigastrium; apprehension in. Nervous dyspepsia. Acidity, flatulence. Biliousness; at climacteric (headache (<) cold air, sun heat, acids; (>) bilious vomiting, warm drinks, flow). Loud belching. Hiccough. Gagging; with pain in the pit and the left chest oppression, nausea and headaches after fried foods (incarcerated flatulence). Nausea, then colic or precordial pain; with other pains; motion-sickness with vertigo; worse closing the eyes. Vomiting: bile, bitter brown matter, black.

Abdomen : Distended, even tympanitic. Severe colic with nausea and sinking in the epigastrium. Abdominal distress with poor elimination and no appetite; sometimes tenderness. Pelvic and lumbar heaviness after dinner. Pain and flatulent tension in (lower left quadrant of) abdomen during a virus infection, with pain in the arms; lady at climacteric. Cramps; after nausea; after weakness of legs; from chest to abdomen. Hernia.

Extreme gaseous distension, rigid as a board with anginoid symptoms (pseudo-angina pectoris; hysterical angina pectoris); cramps in abdomen with angina pectoris (Spig.). Heart symptoms pose as if abdominal; abdominal symptoms borrowed from the heart.

The whole picture closely simulates also abdominal mischief: an acute surgical emergency like: perforated gastric ulcer, strangulated hernia or ruptured appendix or incipient peritonitis or ruptured peritoneum. Also in milder cases; recurrent pain the the right iliac fossa with a tender spot to the right of the lumbar spine and another to the right side of the occiput.

Rectum : Pain during stool. Inaction, obstinate constipation.

Urinary : Paralytic bladder; urine retained, better hot fomentation esp. over perineum; hysterical retention. Urine: albumin and sugar.

Sexual : Frequent prolonged erections. Menses delayed; scanty, suppressed. Climacteric troubles galore:attacks of syncope, vertigo, left supra-orbital and left leg pain, cannot walk (intermittent claudication?), pelvic and lumbar heaviness, after dinner heaviness and uneasiness, sleepless, palpitation, copious easy sweat, petechiae (on arms), nasal dripping, pruritis vulvae, eczema (amel. washing), aching back and legs; flushes of heat, then chilliness and so on.

Chest : Fear of losing breath and die. Extreme dyspnea. Gasping, grunting expiration. Hacking cough. Oppression of the chest. Cramps. (Pleurodynia). Hard ache in axilla. Left (Pseudo angina pectoris).

Heart : Great precordial anguish with sense of impending dissolution. After bite (in right finger) pain ascends up the arm to the nape of the neck, then down to the precordia and travels down through left axilla to l. finger tips via l. arm (as in angina pectoris). Pain as if transfixed; in sternum; attacks begun after a cold bath. Parasternal burning pain as a red hot poker were thrust along the descending aorta. Aneurysm of aorta.

Constrictive pain (in lower part of sternum) extending to left shoulder, axilla and back (between the scapulae); to neck; to abdomen; to both upper arms; to left arm; sometimes to right arm. With numbness, tingling in fingers; numbness, pain or paralytic lameness (paresis) of left arm; anxiety; nausea; tendency to syncope; cold sweat, collapse, icy cold skin (as marble); thready pulse; often apnoea; sense of impending dissolution. Angina of effort; after dinner. Crampy pain usual.

Angina pectoris vasomotoris. Coronary insufficiency; after abdominal surgery anginal pains, pressing in upper chest, the distension so caused awakens frequently; tightness in chest on hurrying; panicky with acute pains and pangs; pains began during considerable emotional stress. Sudden spasms of arterioles, then hypertension, then distension of left ventricle (causing agonizing breast-pang).Thrombosis of arteries (of legs, intermittent claudication); coronary thrombosis (with ischaemia or occlusion or infarction). Embolism. Apoplexy. Hypertension. Unstable angina (not from atheroma).

Stenosis of mitral orifice, heavy sweat. Goitre heart. Tubercular glands in the neck (Ther.). Pulse rapid, weak, thready. Gradual (congestive) cardiac failure with a tendency to dilatation (Borland).

Back : Pain in the neck to occiput. A tender spot on the right of occiput or lumbar spine. Right lumbo-sacral region: painful cramps in; constriction in; shooting pains; worse bending, motion (though restless); later paralysis. Back feels broken. (Spinal anaesthesia; irritation).

Locomotor : Paraesthesia of lower limbs. Feeling of icy coldness from hips downwards. Paralysis, increased reflexes, spasticity, inability to lift legs from spasms of extensor muscles of hips; intermittent claudication. Crampy pains.

Tenderness of calves, with tingling and numbness in hands and feet. Burning and stinging in soles as if afire. Swelling of ankles.

Sleep : Dreams of flying.

Thermal : Chills with fever, or after flushes of heat. Coldness predominant or only; icy. Skin cold as marble.

Easy, heavy sweat; collapse; hair-destroying; of upper half of the body; on trunk; on covering up in bed.

Relations : Apparently a cocktail of : Cact., Cam., Cimi., Ign., Tab., isn't it ? and therefore all the more welcome.

Ver-a. follows well. Sumb. is milder Latro-m., Lyco., Sumb. and Lat-m. are mutual symbiotics.

Compare in addition : Ars., Carb-v., Lach., Mygale., Naja., Nat- m., Phos., Sanguiso., Spi., Tarn., Ther. Acutes : Bry., Nux-v.

Complementary : Ars-i., Puls., Rhus-t., Sep., Thuj., Ver-a.

Counterpart : Aran. (coldness, (<) cold, night and neuralgia similar, but Lat-m. has suppressed menses and constipation, Aran. has profuse menses and diarrhea).

"When needed it is badly needed", a veritable corpse-reviver. Useful in acute emergencies, surgical or circulatory; in spastic, neuralgic or paralytic syndromes. While invoking these medicines, this one should be considered esp. for the shock stage or when one is fighting a losing battle, as during climaxis or an addict or aged.

Lat-h.(septicemia, levitation). Lat-k. ( lymphangitis).

A close-up and intensified Nux-v.

If deserves a clinical expansion esp. in early stages and in non-cardiac side, to upgrade it, like Cact. to a polychrest.
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